By Marilynn Larkin

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Adding external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) to radioactive iodine (RAI) leads to good disease control in locally advanced, differentiated thyroid cancer, especially for patients with tracheal or esophageal invasion who received aggressive surgical resection, researchers say

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News

By Marilynn Larkin

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Thyroidectomy rates in Medicare beneficiaries vary 6.2-fold across the United States, suggesting widely divergent local beliefs and practice patterns about how to manage thyroid cancer, researchers say.

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Approximately 66% of patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma do not receive a complete thyroidectomy or central neck lymph-node dissection, despite recommendations in the American Thyroid Guidelines suggesting combining the two procedures.

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A US study looking at the natural history and growth parameters of small, low-risk papillary thyroid cancers supports active surveillance as a management option.

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Most people diagnosed with cancer want to start treatment as soon as possible, for fear that delaying care will allow their tumor to grow out of control.

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Research in Review

A combination therapy for patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma maintains improvement in overall survival (OS) after 5 years, according to recently published results of a phase III trial.

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Response to a single dose of neoadjuvant chemotherapy indicates the optimal treatment course for patients with laryngeal cancer, according to a study published in JAMA Otolaryngology (published online February 2, 2017; doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2016.3669).

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Positron emission tomography scans during induction chemotherapy for esophageal cancer helps assess patient response to treatment and adjust their therapy, which could lead to an improved complete response rate prior to surgery, says a new study.

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Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas may have higher chances of being cured if treated with reduced doses of radiation, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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